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Bismuth Nitrate Bi(NO3)3 1/4lb

Bismuth Nitrate Bi(NO3)3 1/4lb

Regular price $39.99 USD
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Creating a patina using bismuth nitrate is a process often used by artists and metalworkers to add color and texture to metals like copper, brass, and bronze. As with any chemical process, safety is paramount. Bismuth nitrate can be hazardous, so appropriate safety gear such as gloves, goggles, and a respirator should be used, and the process should be carried out in a well-ventilated area.


  1. Bismuth Nitrate
  2. Distilled Water
  3. Acetic Acid (Vinegar can be used as a substitute)


  1. Safety Goggles
  2. Gloves
  3. Respirator Mask
  4. Non-reactive container (glass or plastic)
  5. Brush or Sponge for Application
  6. Heat Source (like a propane torch, if heat application is desired)


  1. Safety Preparation: Wear safety goggles, gloves, and a respirator mask.

  2. Solution Preparation: Dissolve bismuth nitrate in distilled water. A typical concentration might start at around 20-30 grams of bismuth nitrate per liter of water, but this can vary based on desired results.

  3. Acid Addition: Add a small amount of acetic acid to the solution. The acid helps in the reaction process. Start with a few milliliters and adjust based on results.

  4. Application: Apply the solution to the clean surface of the metal using a brush or sponge. Ensure the metal is clean and free from oils or dirt for the best results.

  5. Heat Application (Optional): Some patina recipes involve gently heating the metal either before or after applying the solution to enhance the reaction. This can be done with a propane torch, but it must be done carefully to avoid overheating the metal.

  6. Observation and Timing: Monitor the reaction on the metal. The development of the patina can take anywhere from a few minutes to several hours.

  7. Rinsing: Once you achieve the desired effect, rinse the metal with clean water to stop the reaction.

  8. Neutralization: It's advisable to neutralize the chemical reaction. This can typically be done with a baking soda and water solution.

  9. Drying and Sealing: Dry the metal thoroughly. You may choose to seal the patina with a clear lacquer or wax to protect it.

Disposal and Cleanup:

  • Dispose of any leftover chemicals and solutions in accordance with local regulations for hazardous waste.
  • Clean all equipment thoroughly after use.


  • The exact recipe can vary based on the type of metal and the desired color and effect of the patina.
  • It's important to experiment on a small sample piece before applying it to your final workpiece.
  • Each batch and application can yield different results due to numerous variables in the process.

Please remember to prioritize safety and environmental responsibility when handling and disposing of chemicals. If you're not experienced with chemical patinas, consider seeking guidance from a professional.

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